Prof. Anna’s current research interests are located at the interface of human land use and natural, often protected, ecosystems. Her work encompasses agro-ecological topics, focusing in particular on how human land use and climate change affect the species, structural and functional biodiversity of our natural resources. Plant and animal biodiversity, their community structure and interactions are her focus areas. The animal populations and species Anna investigates comprise large mammalian herbivores (both livestock and wildlife) and their interactions amongst each other as well as their impact on the vegetation. The plant components in Anna’s research encompass woody and herbaceous vegetation as well as their nutrient fluxes, water and carbon storage. Anna’s research is addressing the ecosystem services and functions (ESS & ESF) derived from the biodiversity of our natural and agricultural ecosystems. Further, conflicts with wildlife over natural resources are increasing and Anna is striving to understand conflict hotspot areas and to find solutions to manage ecosystems sustainably. Anna is also an adjunct lecturer at the University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany, in the Dept of Agroecology in the Tropics and Subtropics (https://www.uni-hohenheim.de/institution/fakultaet-agrarwissenschaften-15) and a member of the KiLi project (https://www.kilimanjaro.biozentrum.uni-wuerzburg.de/) through the University of Wuerzburg, Germany, and Tanzanian collaborators.
Anna’s research has encompassed both observational and experimental empirical work that has addressed plant-herbivore interactions of wild and domestic animals in their natural habitat. Further, her research has also included theoretical aspects and dynamic modelling on aspects of carrying capacity, feeding habits, density and distributions of large mammalian herbivores in areas impacted through human land-use. The attractiveness of nutrient hotspots in savanna systems have also been one of her focus area. Hence, designing an agro-ecological landscape, including humans, plant and animal populations as well as conservation of biodiversity on various spatial and temporal scales has determined Anna’s work and will guide her future research interests.